Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) of 1998: Updated U.S. copyright law for the digital age. In the DMCA are provisions concerning the circumvention of copyright protection systems, fair use in a digital environment, and online service provider (OSP) liability (including details on safe harbors, damages, and "notice and takedown" practices).
IP Address: A numerical identification that is assigned to devices participating in a computer network utilizing the Internet Protocol for communication between its participants.
ISP: Internet Service Provider. An entity that offers an individual or group access to the Internet. Penn is the ISP for students who live in campus residences where PennNet or AirPennNet service is provided.
MPAA: The Motion Picture Association of America. The Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) and its international counterpart, the Motion Picture Association (MPA) serve as the voice and advocate of the American motion picture, home video and television industries, domestically through the MPAA and internationally through the MPA.
Pre-Settlement Notice: A notice of intent to sue with an offer to settle to avoid litigation. Sent by the RIAA to an ISP with request to deliver to the individual "located" at a specified IP address.
Preservation Notice: A notice from a copyright holder's legal representation to preserve any information that would identify the individual "located" at a specified IP address.
RIAA: The Recording Industry Association of America. The Recording Industry Association of America is the trade group that represents the U.S. recording industry. Its mission is to foster a business and legal climate that supports and promotes its members' creative and financial vitality.
Subpoena: "John Doe" subpoena ordering an ISP to provide the name, address, phone number, etc. of an individual "located" at a specified IP address.
Takedown Notice: A legal notice from a copyright holder or its proxy informing an ISP of alleged infringement and requesting immediate removal of offending material from the device connected to a specified IP address.